A disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society due to hazardous events leading to human, material, economic and environmental losses. Disasters can be both man-made as well as natural. Earthquakes, floods, landslides, cyclones and volcanic eruptions are usually considered as natural disasters whereas bomb explosions, gas leakage and wars are the examples of man-made disasters.
Disaster management is the organization, planning and application of resources and responsibilities with the aim to effectively anticipate, respond to, and recover from the impacts of likely, imminent or current disasters. It refers to the management of both risk and consequences of a disaster.
Disaster management involves all levels of government, non-government and community based organizations playing a vital role in the process. There are three key phases of activity within disaster management; Pre-disaster, During disaster and Post-disaster phase. Pre-disaster phase refers to preparedness and preventive actions before a disaster to reduce the potential for human, material and environmental losses caused by a hazard. It includes the formulation of emergency plans, development of warning system, maintenance of inventories, public awareness, education and training of the personnel.
During disaster phase refers to the first stage response to any calamity which includes setting of control rooms, issue warning, action for evacuation, taking people to safer areas, providing medical aid, relief to the homeless, needy, restoration of communication and disbursement of assistance in cash or kind.
The post-disaster phase encompasses all measures related to relief, rehabilitation and reconstruction. In this phase, structural damages are repaired and infrastructure and lifeline activities are enhanced.
National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is an apex body for disaster management headed by the Prime Minister. It lays down policies, plans and guidelines for disaster management. It coordinates with the State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMA) to tackle the disasters in India.
Disasters can come anytime without warnings. It is important to have a proper disaster management plans using latest technologies with focus on long term prevention and disaster reduction measures.
INTERNET – USES AND ABUSES
Internet is one of the biggest gifts of science. It is a global network of computers and other electronic devices. With the internet, it is possible to access almost any information, communicate with anyone in the world and do much more. It has made modern life easy and convenient.
Uses of internet
One of the best features of internet is the ability to communicate instantly. Social media allows people to connect in a variety of ways and build communities. Through internet, we can get access to a vast knowledge, learn new skills, shop for anything, pay your bills, manage our bank accounts, watch movies, listen to music and do almost anything online. It has revolutionized methods of doing business in modern time. Students can get help from different websites; can opt for online coaching and online courses. The internet is becoming an increasingly important tool for social and economic development.
Abuses of internet
The internet have its dark and ugly side too. All the age groups of the society are influenced by the internet majority of which being youngsters. They get addicted to internet. They waste time on social networking sites. Excessive use of internet reduces their interest in studies and may have adverse effects on their health. Hackers create viruses and can cause threat to our confidential data. Besides legitimate sites, there are other sites that make frauds of money. Cyber bullying or online harassment is another serious issue.
Thus, internet has its own uses and few abuses too. If used in the right way, it can be very productive and beneficial for the development of mankind.